Types of Bandsaw Machines

As we have seen elsewhere Bandsaw Machines Basics, there are various classifications of bandsaw machines. However, the most basic way of classifying bandsaw machines is the way they are mounted.

According to this classification, there are two types of bandsaw machines: vertical and horizontal.

Vertical Bandsaw Machines

In vertical bandsaw machines, the cutting position of the blade is vertical. A typical vertical bandsaw machine is driven by an electric motor through a belt transmission. The belt allows adjustment of the blade speed. The blade rotates on a fixed track between the idler wheel mounted above the worktable and the drive wheel mounted beneath the work table and cuts into the side of the stock. The stock is moved against the blade to make the cut. To allow mitered cuts, the table can be tilted front-to-back or sideways. Since the machine can weld its own blades, internal cutting is possible.

Horizontal Bandsaw Machines

Horizontal bandsaw machines typically are floor-mounted machines that are used for simple cutting of solid steel, tubing and odd shaped material. The bandsaw blades are driven by an electric motor. There is a belt and pulley arrangement to drive the motor. This mechanism allows the speed of the blades to be adjusted in discrete stages.

In a horizontal bandsaw machine, the cutting position of the bandsaw blade is horizontal and it cuts with a downward into the stock. The drive and idler wheels are positioned lengthwise on the machine frame, which pivots from a corner of the sawing machine bed. The material to be cut is mounted in a vise attached to the bed of the machine.

The horizontal bandsaw machine is used primarily for cutting stock to length, either at right angles or to any desired miter angle. The vertical bandsaw machine is more versatile and can be useful for contour cutting, filing, and polishing, as well as for simple stock cutting.